Human Rights


Methods of Nonviolence

Formal statements

  • Public Speeches

  • Letters of Opposition or Support

  • Declarations

  • Group or mass petitions

Communicating with a Wider Audience

  • Banners, posters, and displayed communications

  • Leaflets, pamphlets, and books

  • Media

Group Presentations

  • Mock awards and elections

  • Group lobbying

  • Picketing

  • Vigils

Symbolic Public Acts

  • Wearing of symbols

  • Prayer and worship

  • Symbolic reclamations

Drama and Music

  • Performances of plays and music

  • Singing


  • Marches and parades

  • Religious processions

  • Pilgrimages

Honoring the Dead

  • Political mourning

  • Demonstrative funerals

  • Homage at burial places

Withdrawal and Renunciation

  • Walk-outs

  • Silence

  • Renouncing honors

  • Turning one's back

Methods of Social Noncooperation

  • Student strike

  • Social disobedience

  • Withdrawal from social institutions

  • "Flight" of workers

  • Collective disappearance

Methods of Economic Noncooperation/Intervention

  • Boycott

  • Refusal to let or sell property

  • Lockout

  • Refusal of industrial assistance

  • Embargo

  • Strike

  • Preclusive purchasing

  • Supporting alternative markets

Methods of Political Noncooperation

Rejecting of Authority

  • Withdrawal or withholding of allegiance

  • Refusal of public support

  • Literature and speeches advocating

Citizen Noncooperation with Government

  • Boycott of government supported institutions and elections

  • Refusal of assistance to enforcement agents

  • Refusal to accept appointed officials

Citizen Alternatives to Obedience

  • Reluctant and slow compliance

  • Nonobedience in absence of direct supervision

  • Popular nonobedience

Methods of Nonviolent Intervention
Psychological Intervention

  • Fast / Hunger Strike

Physical Intervention

  • Sit-in

  • Mock "die"-in

  • Nonviolent occupation

Original list published by the Albert Einstein Institute.

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Ban Landmines

International Campaign to Ban Landmines

Anti-personnel Mine Ban Convention

International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)

UN Office for Disarmament Affairs

UN Mine Action

UN Mine Action Service (UNMAS)

Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining (GICHD)

Geneva Call